It is apparent from all this that the divergence of Hegel and Schleiermacher was not personal, but a consequence of their different approaches. Friedrich Schleiermacher â Religion as âthe Feeling of Absolute Dependenceâ Image: Wikimedia Commons The German theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834) tried to defend religion against detractors and cynics of his day which led him to pen On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers ( 1799 ). Further, anything that undercuts this feeling of absolute dependence is ruled out of court. critique Schleiermacherâs theological method, this paper will examine Schleiermacherâs theological influences, his âfeeling of absolute dependence,â and a few examples from his systematic theology. Schleiermacher believed that he had made the following contributions to theology: âFor faith the consciousness of God arises out of Christian experience. His own insight of the feeling of absolute dependence creates a problem for formulating the Trinity. Schleiermacher, true religion is founded in the feeling of absolute dependence that the individual discovers in ordinary life as a relational being; Christian religion relates that feeling to the experience of Christ as redeemer, authenticated by the experience itself SCHLEIERMACHER AS INNOVATOR 89 mediate self-consciousness or feeling of absolute dependence.4 This feeling defines the term God; the elaboration of the God-world relation in CFis derived from this feeling. Schleiermacher's view, the feeling of absolute dependence or God-consciousness belongs to human nature. According to Schleiermacher, it is possible for the finite subject to introspectively HENRIKSEN, JAN-OLAV 2003-10-01 00:00:00 Schleiermacher vs. Nietzsche on the conditions for religious subjectivity Prof. Dr. theol. There is yet another dimension of variation to the feeling of absolute depen- dence: one that concerns the extent to which the feeling is clear. His major work, Der christliche Glaube (1821â22; 2nd ed. The highest experience of religion for Schleiermacher is a sensation of union with the infinite. Th e latter claim is not only a religious and theological one. (Heresy is essentially defined by Schleiermacher as rejecting the feeling of absolute dependence on the infinite as germinated by Christ.) 5.3). Jan-Olav Henriksen, The Norwegian Lutheran School of Theology, P.O. Schleiermacher Moreover, âevery essential element of human nature Schleiermacher, known as the Father of Liberal Theology, argued that the âessence of religion is the feeling of absolute dependence.â Jesus was unique, he said, because he was keenly aware of this utter dependence. He has said that this feeling connects us with the divine causality of creation and preservation. Dr. phil. Friedrich Schleiermacher is known as the theologian who said that the essence of Christian faith is a state of mind called âthe feeling of absolute dependenceâ. Schleiermacher equates faith with a feeling of absolute dependence. Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (German: [ËfÊiËdÊÉªç ËÊlaÉªÉËmaÏÉ]; November 21, 1768 â February 12, 1834) was a German Reformed theologian, philosopher, and biblical scholar known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional Protestant Christianity.. 'Feeling of absolute dependence'? He does, in fact, see that God is not âgivenâ - neither a given of that type of world toward which I know I am so dependent that I oppose it in the feeling of freedom, nor a given within the feeling of freedom, in regard to which I may speak of the â deus in nobis ââ¦ The truth is, however, that God veils Himself and that in so doing- this is why we must not try to intrude into the mystery- He unveils Himself. Feeling of Absolute Dependence or Will to Power? (Schleiermacher 1830:33) Schleiermacher: the Feeling of Utter Dependence Schleiermacher (1768-1834) In the Recent past I published a piece called "Phenomenology and Theological Method." Schleiermacher says that feeling of absolute dependence on God is the highest grade of immediate self-consciousness, and is also an essential element of human nature (26). Schleiermacher proposed a method of integrating the God-human relationship in a way that overcame the limitations placed upon God by the subject-object restrictions. His term for it was the âfeeling of absolute dependence.â This Th e prerefl ective feeling of God replaces the Cartesian cogito in grounding both knowledge and4 In explaining his view, I will draw on the first two speeches of his work, On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers.. Schleiermacher calls it the âfeeling of absolute dependence.â One senses that everything depends absolutely on whatever sustains the world. I would like to discuss Schleiermacher's view of religion in the context of our contemporary pluralistic culture.
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