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You will have to alter the plan slightly. Our sketch above illustrates just one of many uses of the carpenter's square: to lay-out a stair stringer, steps and step rise. The world of framing is rapidly … We start by defining the parts of the square, then we list each of the tables found on the carpenter's square and we explain what the table is for. Next we'll make a walkway for the archers (who will want to use the arrow slits). For this first example, I'll add half of a tower onto the side of a building. The standard two-foot framing square, also referred to as a "carpenter's square" and historically as a "steel square" is an L-shaped tool that is used to mark angles for cuts used in building framing, particularly roof rafters, stair stringers, and many other cuts or angles other than 90°. We want to convert 46.67" to something in eights or sixteenths of an inch. John Wiley & Sons, 2006. Found under the17-19 inch columns on the framing square blade back, Empire includes a table of recommended pilot hole diameter for wood screws of various sizes. Lay out all the miters on a flat surface in the shape of the octagon. Work on a level surface to help lay out the walls flush. Then I cut all the parts and assemble the roof on the deck, next to its intended location. Framing squares … Glue the two halves together but. Brace it temporarily with a spare block while the glue dries. You may still have to sand the bottom of the stair piece a little so it will sit flat. Place the strap clamp around the octagon frame … This black square also got hot as hell when left flat in bright sunlight. For my example, your triangular layout of the brace, measured on the outermost edge of the bracing member, will be 33" on the two short sides and 46" on the long side. Place the next row of blocks down, gluing them to the arrow slits but not to the layer below! FRAMING SQUARE USER'S GUIDE at - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice. Glue the stair section. To show this, the first picture is a normal tower (with 1" blocks between the elbows). Glue the stair section against the wall, making sure the top corner of the stair meets with the inside corner of the tower. Be sure that the top edge of the stair fits into the corner circled in red. This table is also called the "Diagonal Scale" table. Here we'll list all of the tables found on a decent quality framing square, then we'll explain how each of them is used. See your deck in 3D … The first instructions shown here do not include a spiral staircase. The parts and faces of the framing square labelled in the framing square photograph above, and are referred to as follows: Below our photo shows the front or face side of the heel of a framing square. Glue together 8 arches as shown. It's a little hard to see at first, but they should form a peak at the top. Set it on the tower and place the rest of the tower on top. For example, the front outside edges of the framing square measure 16ths or 8ths of an inch, depending on which blade you use, but the back outside edges of a framing square are marked in 12ths. Also be sure that the top of the stair meets exactly on the block line (where the rows of blocks meet). Lay the tower on its side and glue the steps, slowly rising as it goes around the tower. Start by gluing a flat tile to the bottom of the stair piece. This table gives the number of framing members N in a floor, ceiling, wall or roof of width (or "run") W. Complete details about this table and how to use it are found at, FRAMING SQUARE N JOISTS RAFTERS N RUN FT-IN. The lower photo shows the fourth row of blocks with the doorway pieces shown in red. Do this for the next 5 sides next to the stairs. On both the long and short arms of the framing square are marked various framing tables giving rafter lengths, roof slopes and the proper angle of cuts for various roofing connections such as a rafter end abutting the ridge board, the birds' mouth cut at the rafter segment that rests atop a wall plate, hip and valley rafter cuts and other information. Space stringer every 16” OC and mount them using drop blocks as described in the stair building … Avoid … Measure the height as well, if all sides of … I placed the solid brick pattern towards the bottom on all of the blocks, and the half brick towards the top. Next, take a stair section and sand the bottom corner off as shown. The square has many uses, including laying out common rafters, hip rafters and stairs. ISBN-10: 0471648361, ISBN-13: 978-0471648369, Hardcover: 320 pages, available from and also, Decks and Porches, the JLC Guide to, Best Practices for Outdoor Spaces, Steve Bliss (Editor), The Journal of Light Construction, Williston VT, 2010 ISBN 10: 1-928580-42-4, ISBN 13: 978-1-928580-42-3, available from You'll also notice that some of the blocks are yellow. The first photo shows the top section removed (so you can see people standing in front of the arrow slits). Be sure the top of the tile lines up with the top of the wall, and fits in the corner also. Allow the glue to dry well before rotating the tower and gluing more steps on. You'll see that some white paint will remain in the recessed numbers and grooves of the tool. Look into the table and find the decimal fraction closest to .67. These are examples of an inside corner, building end and a floorplan for a cathedral. You can find these on the. How to Build an Octagonal Deck. When dry, cut the excess cereal box off with a pair of scissors. You may have to hold it a while until it dries. Details about reading and using the octagon table on a framing square are found at, FRAMING SQUARE OCTAGON TABLE in multiples of 5 (located in the middle of the tongue), These tables are on the framing square back, on its long arm or "blade". The dark gray areas represent what you would need to fill somehow. Tools required are: Hammer, 4 ft Level Clam shell shovel or post hole auger. Found under the 12-16 inch columns on the framing square blade back, this table helps you convert inches of rise to slope expressed in degrees. Use temporary supports to stabilize the frame while working. Found under the 9-11 inch columns on the framing square blade back, this framing square table converts inch measurements into decimal fractions of a foot. You will notice there's a pattern to the blocks. They can be built around trees for borders, for … Once again, temporarily place blocks under the pieces to hold them in place while the glue dries. In other words either approach gives us something between 46 5/8 (that's the same as 46 10/16) inches and 46 11/16 inches. That tells me that if I'm measuring my cut to the nearest 16th of an inch I'll measure out 46" and another 10 1/2 sixteenths inches or 46 10/16" plus a hair as we say in the trade. Glue them together and glue a doorway arch on the bottom for support. I made these arch pieces especially for times when you only have a 1" gap and don't have room for decorative side trim. My current framing square, made by Empire Level, is made of light blue aluminum. Finally, draw the outside walls around your floor. When you finish, remove the temporary blocks to see your stairway. If you look closely at the window, you'll see that it's wider than the other 2 sides. Who cares what color or metal comprise your framing square? Click to Show or Hide Citations & References, Layouts, Measurements & Cuts Using a Framing Square & Its Tables, CONVERT INCHES to DECIMAL FRACTIONS of a FOOT, CONVERT INCHES of RISE per FOOT to DEGREES of SLOPE, HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION COURESES (Canada), HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION: HOME STUDY COURSES, COMMON RAFTER LENGTH PER FOOT OF RUN - this is the top line in the rafter length tables, HIP OR VALLEY RAFTER LENGTH PER FOOT OF RUN, Blade Back, under inch-marks 2-8: explained in detail at, Blade Back, under inch-marks 9 11: explained in detail at, Blade Back, under inch-marks 12-16: explained in detail at, Blade Back, under inch-marks 17-18: explained in detail at, Blade Back, under inch-marks 19-23: explained in detail at, 6" of rise per foot of run = 26.50 degrees of slope, 10" of rise per foot of run = 40 degrees of slope, 18" of rise per foot of run = 56.25 degrees of slope, 24" of rise per foot of run = 63.50 degrees of slope, On the back of a framing square along the outer edges of both the blade and tongue the inches are divided into, On the back of a framing square along the inner edge of the tongue (the shorter arm) inches are divided into, On the back of a framing square along the inner edge of the blade, inches are divided into, On the front of a framing square along the outer edge of the blade (the longer arm) inches are divided into, On the front of a framing square along the inner edge of the blade inches are divided into, On the front of a framing square along the outer edge of the tongue (the shorter arm) inches are divided into, On the front of a framing square along the inner edge of the tongue inches are divided into. See ROOF SLOPE TABLE, TYPES, WALKABILITY for a detailed table of roof slopes in rise & degrees as well as comments about roof slope walkability. In the photo of my old hand tools (above), the red arrow points to this framing square while the green arrow points to an aluminum speed square whose added thickness forms a terrific saw guide. All photos, articles and plans are copyrighted by Bruce Hirst and may not be used without permission. It can be used for balconies, wells, bunkers and dungeon hallways that need to be placed at angles. Some days ago, we try to collected pictures to imagine you, look at the picture, these are cool pictures. 5 out of 5 stars (318) 318 reviews $ 89.90 FREE shipping Favorite Add to 24" X 24" Stained Glass "Hydrangea" Octagon … I see that the entry for 5/8" = .625" and the next bigger entry is for 11/16" = .687". Octagonal Stairs By birchmore I have an octagonal shaped room (silo, 3 stories tall) and I need to build a stair case along the outer wall, following the shape of the octagon, with winders in the corners. Let's see just how close this table gets us to spot-on by calculating the numbers instead of using the table above. Glue the stair piece against the wall as shown. Don't glue any of these pieces on until after you have painted the model! Whip out your cellphone, turn on its calculator and multiply the number of sixteenths in an inch (that's 16 of course) by .67 (the fraction of an inch given in the table) and you'll get 10.72 sixteenths. Some texts say "always make your measurements using the outside edges of the framing square so that you won't get fouled-up. You will also need the Prison Tower mold #60 to add the stairway. Make sure that the corner of the tile sets into the corner of the tower (circled in red). You can see from this that the octagon sections will blend seamlessly with your floor plan. The most calculations during framing … The throat depth of the stairs … After the floor tiles dry, cut around them with scissors to remove the excess cereal box. Apr 4, 2020 - Explore Candace Reid's board "Octagon House" on Pinterest. The end of each tread will need to be … The framing square Brace Triangle Table , also referred to as the Brace Rule - is discussed in detail. Glue them together but, Next, place the arrow slits between the blocks. A carpenter's framing square includes tables stamped right into the tool itself. Cut the treads so that they meet on top of the corner stringers. Let's use the decimal to inch conversion table above to find the length of our brace hypotenuse in the 33 33 46.67 example given above. Be sure that the top of the tile meets exactly on the block line. Print out an extra copy of the floor plan found on the, Place the next level of the tower on. The numbers and lines are of the same color and are quite a bit harder to read in some light conditions. However, there are many experienced builders out there who won't have a problem with cutting floor tiles to fit. Your sketch should depict the floor's basic shape and layout, complete with any additional features like alcoves, nooks, and staircases. JOISTSTUD & Hopefully useful. How to build an octagon deck decks how to build an octagon deck decks octagon shaped entry stairs deck cascading or wrap around stairs chief architect quick tip wrap around need help advice on triagle angle steps. Above: an example of one of the rafter length data columns explained in the article cited just above. And you can see that the table gave us 46 11/16" while the calculation gave us 46 10/16" plus a hair. For this example, I used pieces from the bell tower with the octagon pieces. It will serve as a reminder not to put glue there. See more ideas about octagon house, house floor plans, house plans. The outside width of the stair should be the same width as a wall on the octagon tower. My first framing square was made of steel and was black in color with white numbers and lines. The simplest case is a round rail. Our photo above shows the inch divisions on the back of a framing square: Early framing squares were made of hardwood and carefully trued then braced into a right angle. The Graphical roof framing calculator is the app to help Architects, Builders, Contractors, Designers, Draftspersons, Engineers, and Framers/Carpenters. Seeing as it's tolerance is to the nearest 1/16", it's no good for small projects such as jewlery boxes. Continue reading at FRAMING SQUARE RAFTER LENGTHS or select a topic from the closely-related articles below, or see the complete ARTICLE INDEX. We have no relationship with advertisers, products, or services discussed at this website. Glue the stair piece along the wall as shown. Build a set of stairs … Or see FRAMING SQUARE USER'S GUIDE FAQs - Questions & answers posted originally on this page. As long as you have 1/4 or 1/2 pie shaped pieces, everything will work fine. The second floor will set on top of this section, but we will have to alter it by leaving some tiles out to form a stairwell. I miss my old square but truth is, I had allowed the old one to get a bit rusty. To calculate the amount of concrete needed with this calculator for stairs, you need to know the rise, run, throat depth, and the width of the stairs. Before you begin cutting or measuring, grab a pencil and paper and sketch an outline of your floor. 92, Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the, Best Practices Guide to Residential Construction, by Steven Bliss. Perhaps the following … Lay them around the outside of the floor so the scraped side of the block faces down. Or use the SEARCH BOX found below to Ask a Question or Search InspectApedia. This article series gives clear examples just about every possible way to figure out any or all roof dimensions and measurements expressing the roof area, width, length, slope, rise, run, and unit rise in inches per foot. That table is shown just below. Octagon Table Found on the FRONT of a Framing Square TONGUE When you hold the framing square with the tongue or shorter arm to your right and pointing down, on the outer edge of the framing square … How To Build And Frame Stairs With Odd Shapes Book Example 2Two Tier Octagon Deck With Cascading Staircase YouOctagon Shaped Entry Stairs Deck Steps PorchHow To Build Stairs … It's a carpenter's aid for laying out a perfect octagon. Seen from the top edge of the framing square blade then moving downwards, on the front of the blade when you hold the framing square with the tongue or shorter arm to your right and pointing down you'll see inches marked in 16ths on the blade top edge, then the tables we give below, and finally inches marked in 8ths on the bottom edge of the blade. Take the floor tile shown and sand off about 1/4" off the square side. At the end of this article at REFERENCES you'll find more texts and articles on using a framing square and written by other experts. Design the deck of your dreams with our new deck design software. Separately at DECK STAIR BUILDING DETAILS we explain in detail how a framing square is used to layout rise and run on the stair stringers when building stairs. Also note that one of the wall blocks on the octagon floorplan is cut in half. Later you will be able to lift off that section. If you want to add a spiral staircase to the tower, look further down in the instructions before you start to build the tower. You also need 2 floor tiles from the octagon mold. Watch out: you can get fouled up by different subdivisions of the inch markings on the face and back of a framing square. Drop in octagons, make a multilevel deck, add a staircase or wrap around stairs, and get a plan to submit for permits. In this example, the octagon segments … We also provide a MASTER INDEX to this topic, or you can try the page top or bottom SEARCH BOX as a quick way to find information you need. This table shows us the length of the brace arms needed for diagonal braces used, for example, to stabilize & support posts used in timber frame construction, or in bracing the posts of a deck or porch. Bring all the miters together. The traditional steel framing square was black while newer framing squares are often made of aluminum. We will discuss the inch-divisions shown on the heel face of the framing square in just a bit further along in this article. Roof measurement methods: these articles explain various methods for measuring all roof data: roof slope or pitch, rise, run, area, and other features. The next row will need a fairly flat surface to look good. The manufacturer could have done this too, but then they'd have to charge you more for the tool. Cap the elbow pieces off with the beveled elbow pieces as shown. These rows take a whole lot of elbow blocks. Found under the 19-23 inch columns on the framing square blade back, near the right end of the back of our framing square blade this table converts common inch-fractions from 1/32" to 15/16" into decimal fractions. All of the tables listed above are explained in detail at FRAMING SQUARE RAFTER LENGTHS - explaining each of the 6 tables on the framing square's blade front. To use the octagon scale on the framing square to cut stock into an octagon, use a pair of dividers whose ends are set apart a distance equal to the number of dots on the octagon scale that corresponds to the original length of the side of your starting rectangle. That list includes links to detailed procedures for using each of the tables on the square. The next row of steps goes the same way: Use a 5 step piece along with the floor tile piece to continue around the tower. A Few Framing Tips. As the numbers and line markings on your framing square are recessed, having been stamped into the metal of its body, you can improve the legibility of a monotonic framing square (for you carpenters that means it's all the same color), by painting the whole square surface with white latex paint. The center photo shows what the trim pieces look like. First, I figure out the framing dimensions with a calculator. You can download the plans shown here from the, Place a row of blocks around the outside. [1] "How to Measure Angles with a Ruler", South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Website:, retrieved 10/26/2013, copy on file. Next trim away the outside and trim off the black outline also. One leg of the dividers is placed on the starting line on the octagon … "Choosing Roofing," Jefferson Kolle, January 1995, No. It has a diagonal scale, board foot scale and an octagonal scale. Continue the other half of that block when you draw out the wall around the floor. The floor tile piece goes next. Measure the width of the octagon from outside to outside. In this comprehensive guide, pro framers share their years of on-the-job expertise, leading you every step of the way from framing floors and stairs to framing walls and roofs. Spence, William P. (2000). Now glue the final layer of blocks shown. When you hold the framing square with the tongue or shorter arm to your right and pointing down, on the outer edge of the framing square tongue are inches marked in 8ths, then the table I cite below, and finally inches marked in 16ths on the inner edge of the tongue. You will have to put a spare block under the stair to hold it in place temporarily. This article explains how to make quick use of a framing square and its imprinted data to get some basic roof measurement data like roof pitch or slope, rafter lengths, and end cuts, stair stringer cuts, lengths of braces and other construction measurements. For a corner tower, it's basically the same thing. Here are some pictures of the octagon decks. And as the finish wore off of this tool, if I did not use it often enough it was prone to rust. These represent basic blocks (1/2" x 1/2" x 1") that you can find on molds #40, 50, 51 or 100. You might. Once the deck perimeter is square and level, install joists using angled joist hangers to strengthen the octagon frame. Found beginning under the 2-inch column on the back of a framing square blade and extending to below the 8-inch column of data is a table titled, NO OF Marking out the 3D geometry for building handrails directly in 3D with CAD is really much faster and more precise than marking out by hand or in 2D. Modern carpenters have used steel squares and more recently aluminum framing squares for decades. Overall, I think this is a very useful mold and fairly easy to use. On top of the windows, add the row of blocks shown. If you want your octagon section to seamlessly fit into your existing floorplan, you must cut the plan as shown. Because the two arms and four sides of them contain different tables of saw cut information that some texts will identify by their location on the framing square. A savvy carpenter will use this table given on the right end of the back side of the framing square body to find common (close enough) conversions of fractions of an inch to 8ths, 16ths, or 32ds. It is a bit lighter and a bit cooler in the hot sun. Cut 3/4 of the octagon floorplan and tape it on the corner. Octagon Rafter Calculator. FT-IN. What's nice about these brace length numbers is that if you measure the hypotenuse length carefully to match the numbers in the brace table you can just slap your speed-square or try-square onto the length measurement point and with your square set at 45 degrees, mark your cut. Draw up a basic floor framing plan. N RUN An octagonal plan. Now glue a floor tile from the tower on top of the stair as shown. Glue the floor tiles down to the center of the plan. "Castlemolds(R)" is a trademark of Hirst Arts Fantasy Architecture Inc. At this point, you may want to flip the whole thing over and sand the top. On the newer framing squares there are degree conversions for different pitches and fractional equivalents. If you would like to add a spiral staircase (as shown in the second photo), follow the directions below. Step 2: Chalk Out the … Make sure that the corner of the stair sets into the corner of the tower (circled in red). Apologies for the delay. Be sure to cut really close so there's no overhanging paper. Now glue a floor tile from the tower on top of the stair … Note: appearance of your Comment below may be delayed: if your comment contains an image, web link, or text that looks to the software as if it might be a web link, your posting will appear after it has been approved by a moderator. Be sure that the top of the stair meets exactly on the block line. Be sure that your steps line up with the block lines on the tower (where the blocks meet at the seams). Octagons are eight-sided figures often used by landscapers, carpenters or woodworkers. Start by cutting out the floorplan of the tower and gluing it to a piece of cereal box. The next section shows you how to add a stairway spiraling around the outside of the tower. To finish the very top of the tower, place on the elbow blocks with the straight trim pieces in-between. Glue these pieces around the outside. Right after you've made a horrible white painted mess of the square's surface, wipe it off before the paint dries. Remember to check the divisions as the 12ths and 10ths below can lead you to make a measuring or saw cut mistake. Then glue the door arches against the side walls as shown. Here are the next two rows glued on top. Then glue 10 floor tiles to it as shown. The second photo shows the top of the tower added on. Start by printing out a copy of the Octagon Tower building plans. Once again, mark this layer so that you don't glue the second floor onto it. Mark the tops of this layer (I used a black marker) because you don't want to glue it to the layer above. Concrete Calculator for Stairs - Metric. On the last row shown here, don't glue the blocks shown in green! The Octagon Layout Calculator is a handy carpenter's tool for laying out a perfect octagon… We want to make a removable layer at this point. This Calculator graphically shows the detail dimensions of the frame with entering run, angle, and so on. ... Fontanot Arke` Stairs introduces the SKY030 spiral staircase… RAFTER You'll have to hold this here a while until it dries (unless you can stack up enough blocks to support it). This discussion now has its own page at FRAMING SQUARE for BIRDS MOUTH CUT, This discussion got promoted to its very own web page. at FRAMING SQUARE DIVISION WARNINGS 8ths 10ths 12ths & 16ths. This Online Roof Framing & Rafter Cutting Calculator is now hosted at and ... but could use an stair app calculator to check their stair building calculations. Special tables give the number of joists, studs, or rafters in a floor, ceiling, wall or roof of given dimension. Watch out: the measurement scales along various edges of the framing square are not all in the same units. Scrape off all the remaining splinters so that the edge of the miter is clean. For temporary support, stack a flat trim piece and a regular block. FRAMING SQUARE ESSEX BOARD MEASURE found on the back of some older framing square blades gives the number of board feet in lumber of any dimension. A framing square is a lot more than a simple square-cut saw guide.

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